STATUS IN THE WILD: Domesticated
RANGE: Cameroon region of West Africa
PHYSICAL FEATURES AND CHARACTERISTICS
The pygmy goat stands eighteen to twenty inches tall and weighs forty to one hundred pounds. They have a rounded rib structure, which gives them the appearance of always being overweight. Their straight hair is medium-long in length. Colors are white, gray, black, caramel, or any combination of those colors.
The pupils of the eyes are rectangular, which increases peripheral perception. Goats are excellent climbers and jumpers and are extremely sure-footed on uneven, rocky terrain.
LIFESTYLE AND REPRODUCTION
African pygmy goats reach sexual maturity at six months of age. Gestation is approximately twenty-one weeks; most births result in twins. The mother goat (“nanny”) produces an average of one to two quarts of high-butterfat milk per day. The average lifespan is ten to fifteen years.
Pygmies are social animals and live in herds. They establish a hierarchy in the herd by continually testing each other, which rarely results in injury.
They are found over much of Africa and are also distributed worldwide.
The pygmy goat is found in African grasslands and semi-desert areas as well as farmland around the world.
Brush and grasses are their principal diet.