STATUS IN THE WILD: Least Concern
RANGE: South America
PHYSICAL FEATURES AND CHARACTERISTICS
These mostly green parrots get their name from the splash of blue on their foreheads above their beaks. The amount of blue and yellow on their heads, as well as the amount of red and yellow on their “shoulders,” varies greatly between individuals, making no two parrots alike.
LIFESTYLE AND REPRODUCTION
They make their nests in the hollows of trees, laying three to five eggs in a clutch. The female incubates the eggs for about twenty-seven days, and the chicks are able to leave the nest about sixty days after hatching.
To the human eye, there is no difference between males and females. However, the Amazons have more highly advanced light receptors than humans and are able to see more colors. To each other, males and females appear very different because they are able to detect the UV-deflecting plumage that we cannot. Special spectrometry equipment can be used to detect these wavelengths, or a simple DNA sample can be done.
These birds can be found in eastern and northern Bolivia, eastern Brazil, Paraguay and northern Argentina. Despite the name, they are rarely found in the Amazon forest because they have trouble handling the high humidity.
They prefer to live in tree cavities in woodlands and palm groves.
Amazons eat fruits, nuts, and seeds from native trees.