STATUS IN THE WILD: Least Concern
PHYSICAL FEATURES AND CHARACTERISTICS
Chilean rose-haired tarantulas are a light brown in color with a light pink undertone and iridescence to their cephalothorax, or head region. As adults, they can reach a leg span of between four and five and a half inches, with females tending to be larger and weighing more than males. They have two tiny claws on each leg, called tarsal claws, used to grasp onto things when climbing and a velvety pad on each foot to provide a cushion while walking.
They do not have very good eyesight and rely heavily on touch and the hairs on their bodies, which detect vibrations. The hairs on the abdomen, called urticating hairs, can actually be kicked off to ward off potential predators. The tarantula will use its back feet to kick at a predator, causing irritation in the eyes, nose and mouth of the animal and allowing the spider time to escape.
LIFESTYLE AND REPRODUCTION
These tarantulas are terrestrial and live on the ground in burrows or under trees and logs. They come out to hunt for prey at night. Males can live up to six years and females twenty years or more.
Chilean rose hair tarantulas can mate any time of year if the environmental conditions are acceptable. Contrary to popular belief, females rarely kill the males after mating. Females lay from one hundred to five hundred eggs per egg case, which incubates for around six weeks, sometimes a bit longer. The spiderlings are abandoned upon hatching. Males reach maturity at one to two years of age while females take three to ten years to mature.
The Chilean rose-haired tarantula is found in Chile in South America.
They live in burrows or under logs and leaf litter.
Insects, other arthropods, and small animals like lizards, young snakes, and small mammals.